India is a county of rich and beautiful cultures and religions. Women here occupy a vital yet vulnerable position. On the one hand, they are glorified as goddesses and worshiped but, on the other hand, are tortured, assaulted, and molested.
Various crimes happen against women, such as dowry deaths, assault, rape, trafficking, acid attack, etc.
Various laws are present in the Constitution of India for the protection of women. Some of the laws which help in protecting and safeguarding women are explained.
The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
Dowry is considered any property or any other valuable thing given by the bride’s family to that of the bridegroom’s. Due to the increase in the dowry system’s prominence, women were tortured and even burnt if their parents could not fulfill the demand of the bridegroom’s family. Thereby this law was set up.
According to the law, any person who gives or takes dowry shall be punished with imprisonment of a term not less than five years and a fine, not less than Rs. 15000.
Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005
Domestic violence includes different forms of violence faced by women. This may include emotional, sexual, verbal, and economic abuse from their partners or his family.
According to the law stated above, those involved in such a crime are punishable with imprisonment of not less than one year and a fine of Rs. 20000.Women who have undergone such situations are also protected in the form of shelter and support.
The sexual harassment of women at workplace (prevention, prohibition, and redressal) Act, 2013
With the increase in sexual harassment cases against women at the workplace, this law was set up.
This law includes any sexual harassment, including an explicit threat of showing detrimental treatment in employment, providing an offensive work environment, and many more.
According to this law, specific compensations are paid to the victim concerning the mental trauma and pain she faced, loss of her career opportunity, and the medical expenses.
Section 375 of IPC
Against the most heinous crimes against women, Section 375 of IPC was set up. It involved criminal offenses like rape.
According to this section of the IPC, any person who conducted this crime was punishable with rigorous imprisonment of a term not less than ten years and could be extended to life imprisonment. That person in such a case is also liable to fine.
With the increase in the number of laws set up by the Government of India, women can raise their voices against the violence and assault they face.
Still, many women cannot come out and speak about their issues due to society’s corrupt mindset. Therefore, the only thing that we need to change here is the mindset of people. Showing compassion towards women who face this and supporting them in each manner we can is the only way to protect them.